the REST of the pictures on this page will give you a better overall feel for this wood
fir / Abies spp. of the family Pinaceae
Abies spp. of the family Pinaceae. There are over 5 dozen species in the genus Abies that have the word fir as all or part of one or more of their common names and I have no idea which of them are represented on this page except as specifically stated below. ALSO, there are more that 130 OTHER species, from dozens of genera, that also have the word fir as all or part of one or more of their common names. It is my intent that the woods on this page be from the genus Abies.
5" x 5" flat cut, 3" x 3" quartersawn, 1" wide end grain, and a 1/4" x 1/4" end grain closeup.
This softwood has no resin canals, is generally straight grained and has a gradual transition from earlywood to latewood although it often appears more abrupt than it is because of a much darker area at the end of the latewood.
Note: Douglas-fir, referred to on this web site (incorrectly, I realize) as "douglas fir" or "fir, douglas" is Pseudotsuga menziesii with Abies taxifolia as one of its numerous synonyms, and has its own page on this web site as "fir, douglas"
Lumber yards (and big box stores) often do not sell fir specifically but rather sell what they call "spruce-pine-fir", which means you may get any of those three (and often couldn't tell the difference anyway)
Also, as stated by the Western Wood Products Association, fir is sometimes sold in combination with hemlock. Specifically, they state: "Hem-Fir is a species combination of Western Hemlock and the true firs (Noble, California Red, Grand, Pacific Silver and White fir)"
NOTE: these pics were all taken in very bright incandescent lighting ("soft white" at 2700K)
colors will vary under other lighting conditions